International Chemical Safety Cards

GLYCEROL ICSC: 0624
GLYCEROL
Glycerin
1,2,3-Propanetriol
1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane
C3H8O3 / CH2OH-CHOH-CH2OH
Molecular mass: 92.1
CAS # 56-81-5
RTECS # MA8050000
ICSC # 0624

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough.
    Ventilation.
    Fresh air, rest.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Nausea. Vomiting.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Give plenty of water to drink. Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place.
    Separated from strong oxidants. Dry.

    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0624 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    GLYCEROL ICSC: 0624

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    HYGROSCOPIC, VISCOUS COLOURLESS LIQUID.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating producing corrosive fumes of acrolein. Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts violently with acetic anhydrides in the presence of a catalyst.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: ppm; 10 mg/m3 mist (ACGIH 1995-1996).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its mist.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Decomposes below boiling point at 171°C
    Melting point: 18.2°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.26
    Solubility in water: miscible
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: <0.1
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.17
    Flash point: 177°C o.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 370°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.9-?
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.76
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Also consult ICSC # 0090, acrolein.
    NFPA Code: H1; F1; R0
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0624 GLYCEROL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.