Material Safety Data Sheet
Methylene Blue

ACC# 19415
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Methylene Blue
Catalog Numbers: S71317, S71318, S93306, S93307, BP117-100, M291-100, M291-25, NC9214945, XXM2911KG
Synonyms:
Phenothiazin-5-ium, 3,7-bis(dimethylamino)-, chloride; C.I. Basic Blue 9; C.I. 52015; Methylthionine chloride; Basic Lake Blue.
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call:
201-796-7100
Emergency Number:
201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call:
800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:
703-527-3887

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
61-73-4 Methylene Blue 100 200-515-2

Section 3 - Hazards Identification

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

Appearance: dark green solid.
Warning! Causes respiratory tract irritation. Causes eye and skin irritation. May be harmful if swallowed. Reproductively active.
Target Organs: Blood, eyes.


Potential Health Effects
Eye: May cause chemical conjunctivitis. Causes eye irritation and possible injury.
Skin: Causes skin irritation. Absorption into the body may cause cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood).
Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause hemolytic anemia.
Inhalation: Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), convulsions, tachycardia, dyspnea (labored breathing), and death. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema.
Chronic: Effects may be delayed. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Repeated contact may cause corneal damage. May cause adverse reproductive effects.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures


Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin: Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation: Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures


General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion.
Extinguishing Media: Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 1; Instability: 0

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures


General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage


Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid breathing dust.
Storage: Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection


Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Methylene Blue none listed none listed none listed

OSHA Vacated PELs: Methylene Blue: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties


Physical State: Solid
Appearance: dark green
Odor: odorless
pH: 3-4.5 (1% aq sol)
Vapor Pressure: Negligible.
Vapor Density: 13 (Air=1)
Evaporation Rate:Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: Decomposes.
Freezing/Melting Point:190 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:190 deg C
Solubility: Slightly soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density:1.230
Molecular Formula:C16H18ClN3S
Molecular Weight:319.85

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity


Chemical Stability: Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid: Dust generation, excess heat, excess light.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Oxidizing agents, reducing agents, bases, dichromates, alkali iodides, caustic alkalis.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Chlorine, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, oxides of sulfur, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information


RTECS#:      
CAS# 61-73-4: SO5600000
LD50/LC50:
CAS# 61-73-4:
     Oral, mouse: LD50 = 3500 mg/kg;
     Oral, rat: LD50 = 1180 mg/kg;
.

Carcinogenicity:
CAS# 61-73-4: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65.

Epidemiology: No information found
Teratogenicity: No information found
Reproductive Effects: Oral, rat: TDLo = 2500 mg/kg (female 1-22 day(s) after conception) Fertility - post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed implants per total number of implants).
Mutagenicity: DNA Adduct: Mouse, Ascites tumor = 70 umol/L.; DNA Adduct: Mammal - species unspecified Lymphocyte = 1830 nmol/L.
Neurotoxicity: No information found
Other Studies:

Section 12 - Ecological Information


Ecotoxicity: No data available. Laboratory adsorption studies determined that Methylene Blue was strongly adsorbed to three different soils. Volatilization of Methylene Blue will not be important from moist or dry soil surfaces. If released to water, Methylene Blue would adsorb to suspended solids and sediment based upon soil adsorption studies. It will be essentially non-volatile from water surfaces. An estimated BCF value of 1.5 suggests that Methylene Blue will not bioconcentrate in aquatic organisms.
Environmental: If released to the atmosphere, Methylene Blue will exist as both vapor and particulate in the ambient atmosphere. Vapor-phase Methylene Blue is degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals with an estimated half-life of about 1.9 hours. Direct photolysis in the environment may also be possible. Particulate-phase Methylene Blue may be physically removed from the air by wet and dry deposition.
Physical: No information available.
Other: No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.

Section 14 - Transport Information

US DOT Canada TDG
Shipping Name: Please contact Fisher Scientific for shipping information No information available.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:

Section 15 - Regulatory Information

US FEDERAL

TSCA
     CAS# 61-73-4 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
     None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
     None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
     None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
     None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
     None of the chemicals in this material have an RQ.
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
     None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
SARA Codes
     CAS # 61-73-4: immediate, delayed.
Section 313      No chemicals are reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
     This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants.
     This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
     This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA.
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA.
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
OSHA:
     None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
STATE
     CAS# 61-73-4 is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.

California Prop 65

California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.

European/International Regulations

European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
     XN
Risk Phrases:

     R 22 Harmful if swallowed.

Safety Phrases:

     S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of
     water and seek medical advice.
     S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face pr
     otection.

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

     CAS# 61-73-4: 2
Canada - DSL/NDSL
     CAS# 61-73-4 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
     This product has a WHMIS classification of D2A, D2B.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
     CAS# 61-73-4 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 7/14/1999
Revision #13 Date: 6/29/2007

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.