Material Safety Data Sheet
Crystal Violet

ACC# 91237
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Crystal Violet
Catalog Numbers: 66761-5GGSS, 66761S
Crystal violet; Gentian Violet
Company Identification:

              Fisher Diagnostics
              Fisher Scientific Company, LLC
              8365 Valley Pike
              Middletown, VA 22645-0307

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Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
67-56-1Methanol <100.0 200-659-6
548-62-9Crystal Violet 2.0 208-953-6

Section 3 - Hazards Identification


Appearance: purple liquid. Flash Point: 52 deg F.
Danger! Poison! Flammable liquid and vapor. May be fatal or cause blindness if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. May cause eye and skin irritation. May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause central nervous system depression. Eye contact may result in permanent eye damage. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause fetal effects based upon animal studies. Cannot be made non-poisonous.
Target Organs: Kidneys, central nervous system, liver, eyes.

Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes moderate eye irritation. Vapors may cause eye irritation. May cause painful sensitization to light. This product contains a cationic dye. Similar dyes have caused permanent injury to the cornea and conjunctiva in documented exposure cases with human or rabbit eyes.
Skin: May cause skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts.
Ingestion: May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause respiratory failure. May cause vascular collapse and damage. May cause kidney failure.
Inhalation: May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause visual impairment and possible permanent blindness. May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion.
Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation and ingestion.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures

Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid imme diately. Do NOT allow victim to rub eyes or keep eyes closed. Extensiv e irrigation with water is required (at least 30 minutes).
Skin: Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Ingestion: Call a poison control center. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation: Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician: Effects may be delayed. Ethanol may inhibit methanol metabolism.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures

General Information: Containers can build up pressure if exposed to heat and/or fire. As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Flammable Liquid. Can release vapors that form explosive mixtures at temperatures above the flashpoint.
Extinguishing Media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective.
Flash Point: 52e deg F ( 11.11 deg C)
Autoignition Temperature: 876 deg F ( 468.89 deg C)
Explosion Limits, Lower:6.0%
Upper: 36.0%
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 0; Instability: 0

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures

General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Use water spray to disperse the gas/vapor. Remove all sources of ignition. Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Do not use combustible materials such as sawdust.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage

Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage: Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection

Engineering Controls: Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Methanol200 ppm TWA; 250 ppm STEL; skin - potential for cutaneous absorption 200 ppm TWA; 260 mg/m3 TWA 6000 ppm IDLH 200 ppm TWA; 260 mg/m3 TWA
Crystal Violetnone listed none listed none listed

OSHA Vacated PELs: Methanol: 200 ppm TWA; 260 mg/m3 TWA Crystal Violet: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical State: Liquid
Appearance: purple
Odor: alcohol-like
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Vapor Density: 1.1
Evaporation Rate:Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 147 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point:Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Solubility: Soluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density:0.8
Molecular Formula:Mixture
Molecular Weight:Not available.

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability: Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid: High temperatures, incompatible materials, ignition sources.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, formaldehyde, chloride fumes.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information

CAS# 67-56-1: PC1400000
CAS# 548-62-9: BO9000000
CAS# 67-56-1:
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 40 mg Moderate;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 20 mg/24H Moderate;
Inhalation, rabbit: LC50 = 81000 mg/m3/14H;
Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 64000 ppm/4H;
Oral, mouse: LD50 = 7300 mg/kg;
Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 14200 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 5600 mg/kg;
Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 15800 mg/kg;
CAS# 548-62-9:
Oral, mouse: LD50 = 96 mg/kg;
Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 150 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 420 mg/kg;
CAS# 67-56-1: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65.
CAS# 548-62-9: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65.

Epidemiology: No information available.
Teratogenicity: No information available.
Reproductive Effects: No information available.
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Mutagenicity: No information available.
Other Studies: The toxicological properties have not been fully investigat ed.

Section 12 - Ecological Information

No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: CAS# 67-56-1: waste number U154 (Ignitable waste).

Section 14 - Transport Information

Shipping Name: No information available. No information available.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:

Section 15 - Regulatory Information


CAS# 67-56-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 548-62-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.

CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
CAS# 67-56-1: 5000 lb final RQ; 2270 kg final RQ
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
SARA Codes
CAS # 67-56-1: acute, flammable. CAS # 548-62-9: acute.
Section 313
This material contains Methanol (CAS# 67-56-1, 100 0%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
CAS# 67-56-1 is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP). This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 67-56-1 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
CAS# 548-62-9 is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.

California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.

European/International Regulations

European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
Risk Phrases:

R 11 Highly flammable.
R 23/25 Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.

Safety Phrases:

S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
S 2 Keep out of reach of children.
S 24 Avoid contact with skin.
S 7 Keep container tightly closed.

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

CAS# 67-56-1: 1
CAS# 548-62-9: 2
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 67-56-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 548-62-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of B2, D1B.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 67-56-1 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 548-62-9 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 5/03/1999
Revision #4 Date: 12/03/2002

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.