Material Safety Data Sheet
Citric Acid Anhydrous

ACC# 87772
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Citric Acid Anhydrous
Catalog Numbers: A940-250LB
Synonyms:
2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid.
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call:
201-796-7100
Emergency Number:
201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call:
800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:
703-527-3887

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
77-92-9Citric acid 99.0 201-069-1

Hazard Symbols:
XI
Risk Phrases:
36/37/38

Section 3 - Hazards Identification

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

Appearance: White powder. Caution! Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause digestive tract irritation. Moisture sensitive. Causes severe eye irritation. May cause skin sensitization by skin contact. Causes skin irritation.
Target Organs: Eyes, skin, mucous membranes.


Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes severe eye irritation and possible injury.
Skin: Causes skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Excessive intake of citric acid may cause erosion of the teeth.
Inhalation: Causes respiratory tract irritation.
Chronic: Repeated exposure may cause sensitization dermatitis.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures


Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.
Skin: Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation: Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures


General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion.
Extinguishing Media: Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Do NOT get water inside containers.
Flash Point: 100 deg C ( 212.00 deg F)
Autoignition Temperature: 1850 deg F ( 1,010.00 deg C)
Explosion Limits, Lower:.28
Upper: 2.29
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 1; Instability: 0

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures


General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Very fine particles can cause a fire or explosion. Eliminate all ignition sources. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Spill may be carefully neutralized with lime (calcium oxide, CaO). Do not get water inside containers.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage


Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not allow contact with water. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Storage: Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection


Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Citric acidnone listed none listednone listed

OSHA Vacated PELs: Citric acid: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties


Physical State: Solid
Appearance: White powder
Odor: Odorless.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: Not available.
Freezing/Melting Point:153 - 154.5 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Solubility: 59.2% (20C)
Specific Gravity/Density:1.6650g/cm3
Molecular Formula:C6H8O7
Molecular Weight:192.12

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity


Chemical Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible materials, dust generation, moisture, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Oxidizing agents, sulfides (inorganic, e.g. ferric sulfide, lead sulfide, sodium sulfide), metal nitrates, alkali carbonates, alkalis, potassium tartrate, acetates, bicarbonates.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information


RTECS#:
CAS# 77-92-9: GE7350000
LD50/LC50:
CAS# 77-92-9:
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 750 ug/24H Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild;
Oral, mouse: LD50 = 5040 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 3 gm/kg;
Carcinogenicity:
CAS# 77-92-9: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Epidemiology: No information available.
Teratogenicity: No information available.
Reproductive Effects: No information available.
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Mutagenicity: No information available.
Other Studies: No data available.

Section 12 - Ecological Information


Ecotoxicity: No data available. Fish toxicity: LC100 goldfish 894 mg/l lifetime exposure in hard water, LD0 goldfish 625 mg/l lifetime exposure in hard water (Ellis,M.M.Detection and measurement of Stream Pollution 1937,22,XLVII,365,US Brit.Fisheries Bull.) Invertebrate toxicity: LD100 Daphnia magna 120 mg/l lifetime exposure in soft water, LD0 Daphnia magna 80 mg/l lifetime exposure in soft water. Toxicity threshold: Pseudomonas putida > 10 g/l; Scenedesmus quadricauda 640 mg/l; Entosiphon sulcatum 485 mg/l (Bringmann,G.et al Water Res. 1980,14,231-241).
Environmental: Nitrification inhibition. Nitrosomonas sp 100 mg/l no inhibition of ammonia oxidation (Hockenbury,M.R. et al J.Water Pollut.Control Fed.1799,49(5),768-777). Degradation studies. 70-100% removal by activated sludge at 20C for 120 hr (Muto,N.et al Kenkyu Hokuku-Kanto Gakuin Daigaku Kogakubu 1987,31(2),257-266 (Japan)).
Physical: No information available.
Other: BOD5 0.420; BOD20 0.610; ThOD 0.686 mg/l O2 respectively (Meinck,F. et al Les Eaux Residuaires Industrielles 1970). Biodegradable (Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) Report 1984, Japan).

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.

Section 14 - Transport Information

US DOT IATA RID/ADR IMO Canada TDG
Shipping Name: No information available. No information available.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:

Section 15 - Regulatory Information

US FEDERAL

TSCA
CAS# 77-92-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
SARA

CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
None of the chemicals in this material have an RQ.
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
SARA Codes
CAS # 77-92-9: acute.
Section 313
No chemicals are reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants. This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
OSHA:
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
STATE
CAS# 77-92-9 is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.
California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.

European/International Regulations

European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
XI
Risk Phrases:

R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.

Safety Phrases:

S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 Wear suitable gloves and eye/face
protection.

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

CAS# 77-92-9: 0
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 77-92-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of D2B.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 77-92-9 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
Exposure Limits

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 2/09/1999
Revision #3 Date: 3/18/2003

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.