Material Safety Data Sheet
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Sodium Nitrate
AC205960000, AC205960010, AC205962500, AC424340000, AC424340030, 42434-5000,
BP360-500, NC9151300, NC9528513, S342-3, S343-3, S343-500, S71998-1
Cubic niter; Soda niter; Chile saltpeter.
1 Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call: 201-796-7100
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients
|| 100 ||231-554-3
Section 3 - Hazards Identification
Appearance: white crystals.
Danger! Strong oxidizer. Contact with other
material may cause a fire. Causes eye, skin, and respiratory tract
irritation. Harmful if swallowed. May cause methemoglobinemia.
Target Organs: Blood, respiratory system, eyes,
Potential Health Effects
Causes eye irritation.
Causes skin irritation.
Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin
due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), convulsions, and death.
Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness,
headache, shortness of breath, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of
skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), rapid heart rate and
chocolate-brown colored blood.
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause methemoglobinemia,
cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation
of the blood), convulsions, tachycardia, dyspnea (labored
breathing), and death.
Sodium nitrate may react with secondary or tertiary amines to form
nitrosamines (certain nitrosamines are cancer suspect agents).
Section 4 - First Aid Measures
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes,
occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at
least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious
and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not
breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult,
give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. Strong oxidizer. Contact with other material may
cause fire. Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent contact
with skin and eyes. Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
to prevent contact with thermal decomposition products.
Use water only!
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
(estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 0; Instability: 1; Special Hazard: OX
Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated
in Section 8.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal
container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the
Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Provide ventilation. Keep combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.,) away
from spilled material.
Section 7 - Handling and Storage
Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and
accumulation. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Empty containers
retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous.
Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with clothing and other
combustible materials. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use only in a
chemical fume hood. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder,
drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open
Do not store near combustible materials. Store in a tightly closed
container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from
incompatible substances. Avoid storage on wood floors.
Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped
with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate
ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
||OSHA - Final PELs|
OSHA Vacated PELs:
No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face
protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29
CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a
NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved
respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if
irritation or other symptoms are experienced.
Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State: Crystals
pH: 5.5-8.0 (5% aq. solution)
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 380 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point:306 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:380 deg C
Specific Gravity/Density:900 g/l (20°C)
Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity
Hygroscopic: absorbs moisture or water from the air.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, dust generation, excess heat, exposure to
moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Organic materials, combustible materials, reducing agents, easily
oxidizable materials, finely powdered metals, fluorine, cyanides.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Oxides of nitrogen, oxygen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported
Section 11 - Toxicological Information
Oral, mouse: LD50
= 3500 mg/kg;
Oral, rabbit: LD50 =
Oral, rat: LD50 = 1267
Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65.
See actual RTECS.
No information found
orl-mus TDL0: 16800 mg/kg (14D male)
Mutagenic effects have occurred in humans.
No information found
Section 12 - Ecological Information
No data available.
This material will not cause oxygen depletion in aquatic systems. It
has a low potential to affect aquatic organisms, secondary waste
treatment microorganisms, and the growth of some plants. It has a
moderate potential to affect the germination of some plants. Acute
aquatic effects: 96-hour LC50; Fathead minnow: GT 1000 mg/L 96-hour
LC50; Water flea: GT 1000 mg/L
Nitrates are predominantly used as fertilizer. Unfortunately,
nitrates have a tendency to migrate into groundwater as they do not
bind to soil and are extremely soluble. Excessive levels of nitrates
in drinking water may cause serious illness and death. Infants are
most susceptible to nitrate toxicity. "Blue Baby Syndrome" can occur
when the infant's conversion of nitrate to nitrite interferes with
the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Symptoms of Blue Baby
Syndrome include, but may not be limited to, shortness of breath and
bluish colored skin.
No information available.
Do not empty into drains.
Section 13 - Disposal Considerations
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified
as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3.
Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to
ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
Section 14 - Transport Information
Section 15 - Regulatory Information
CAS# 7631-99-4 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
None of the chemicals in this material have an RQ.
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
CAS # 7631-99-4: immediate, delayed, fire.
This material contains Sodium
nitrate (listed as Water Dissociable Nitrate Compounds), 100%, (CAS#
7631-99-4) which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section
313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants.
This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
None of the chemicals in this product
are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this
product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this
product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product
are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 7631-99-4 can be found on the
following state right to know lists: New Jersey, Pennsylvania,
California Prop 65
California No Significant Risk Level:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed.
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
R 8 Contact with combustible material may cause fire.
S 17 Keep away from combustible material.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of
water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face pr
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 7631-99-4: 1
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 7631-99-4 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of C, D2B.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard
criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS
contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 7631-99-4 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
Section 16 - Additional Information
MSDS Creation Date: 12/12/1997
Revision #16 Date: 2/15/2008
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best
information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to
such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users
should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the
information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable
for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits
or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.